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Volume 10 Issue 5
May  2023

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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C. L. Du, F. B. Li, Y. Shi, C. H. Yang, and W. H. Gui, “Integral event-triggered attack-resilient control of aircraft-on-ground synergistic turning system with uncertain tire cornering stiffness,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1276–1287, May 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123480
Citation: C. L. Du, F. B. Li, Y. Shi, C. H. Yang, and W. H. Gui, “Integral event-triggered attack-resilient control of aircraft-on-ground synergistic turning system with uncertain tire cornering stiffness,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1276–1287, May 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123480

Integral Event-Triggered Attack-Resilient Control of Aircraft-on-Ground Synergistic Turning System With Uncertain Tire Cornering Stiffness

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123480
Funds:  This work was supported in part by the National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars of China (62222317), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61973319), the Funds for International Cooperation and Exchange of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61860206014), 111 Project of China (B17048), Science and Technology Innovation Program of Hunan Province (2022WZ1001), the Natural Science Foundation of Changsha (kq2208287), and the Postdoctoral Fund of Central South University (22022136)
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  • This article proposes an integral-based event-triggered attack-resilient control method for the aircraft-on-ground (AoG) synergistic turning system with uncertain tire cornering stiffness under stochastic deception attacks. First, a novel AoG synergistic turning model is established with synergistic reverse steering of the front and main wheels to decrease the steering angle of the AoG fuselage, thus reducing the steady-state error when it follows a path with some large curvature. Considering that the tire cornering stiffness of the front and main wheels vary during steering, a dynamical observer is designed to adaptively identify them and estimate the system state at the same time. Then, an integral-based event-triggered mechanism (I-ETM) is synthesized to reduce the transmission frequency at the observer-to-controller end, where stochastic deception attacks may occur at any time with a stochastic probability. Moreover, an attack-resilient controller is designed to guarantee that the closed-loop system is robust $ {\cal{L}}_2$-stable under stochastic attacks and external disturbances. A co-design method is provided to get feasible solutions for the observer, controller, and I-ETM simultaneously. An optimization program is further presented to make a tradeoff between the robustness of the control scheme and the saving of communication resources. Finally, the low- and high-probability stochastic deception attacks are considered in the simulations. The results have illustrated that the AoG synergistic turning system with the proposed control method follows a path with some large curvature well under stochastic deception attacks. Furthermore, compared with the static event-triggered mechanisms, the proposed I-ETM has demonstrated its superiority in saving communication resources.

     

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    Highlights

    • First, a novel aircraft-on-ground (AoG) synergistic turning model is established with synergistic reverse steering of the front and main wheels to decrease the steering angle of the AoG fuselage, thus reducing the steady-state error when it follows a path with some large curvature
    • Second, considering that the tire cornering stiffness of the front and main wheels vary during steering, a dynamical adaptive observer is designed to identify them and estimate the system state at the same time
    • Third, an integral-based event-triggered mechanism (I-ETM) is synthesized to reduce the transmission frequency at the observer-to-controller end, and an attack-resilient controller is designed to guarantee that the closed-loop system is robust ${\mathcal{L}}_2$-stable under stochastic attacks and external disturbances
    • Moreover, a co-design method is provided to get feasible solutions for the observer, controller, and I-ETM simultaneously. An optimization program is further presented to make a tradeoff between the robustness of the control scheme and the saving of communication resources

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