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Volume 10 Issue 8
Aug.  2023

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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X. X. Wang, J. Yang, Y. T. Wang, Q. H. Miao, F.-Y. Wang, A. J. Zhao, J.-L. Deng, L. X. Li, X. X. Na, and  L. Vlacic,  “Steps toward Industry 5.0: Building “6S” parallel industries with cyber-physical-social intelligence,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1692–1703, Aug. 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123753
Citation: X. X. Wang, J. Yang, Y. T. Wang, Q. H. Miao, F.-Y. Wang, A. J. Zhao, J.-L. Deng, L. X. Li, X. X. Na, and  L. Vlacic,  “Steps toward Industry 5.0: Building “6S” parallel industries with cyber-physical-social intelligence,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1692–1703, Aug. 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123753

Steps Toward Industry 5.0: Building “6S” Parallel Industries With Cyber-Physical-Social Intelligence

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123753
Funds:  This work was partially supported by the Science and Technology Development Fund of Macau SAR (0050/2020/A1)
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  • Very recently, intensive discussions and studies on Industry 5.0 have sprung up and caused the attention of researchers, entrepreneurs, and policymakers from various sectors around the world. However, there is no consensus on why and what is Industry 5.0 yet. In this paper, we define Industry 5.0 from its philosophical and historical origin and evolution, emphasize its new thinking on virtual-real duality and human-machine interaction, and introduce its new theory and technology based on parallel intelligence (PI), artificial societies, computational experiments, and parallel execution (the ACP method), and cyber-physical-social systems (CPSS). Case studies and applications of Industry 5.0 over the last decade have been briefly summarized and analyzed with suggestions for its future development. We believe that Industry 5.0 of virtual-real interactive parallel industries has great potentials and is critical for building smart societies. Steps are outlined to ensure a roadmap that would lead to a smooth transition from CPS-based Industry 4.0 to CPSS-based Industry 5.0 for a better world which is Safe in physical spaces, Secure in cyberspaces, Sustainable in ecology, Sensitive in individual privacy and rights, Service for all, and Smartness of all.

     

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    Highlights

    • There has been a recent surge in intense discussions and studies on Industry 5.0, garnering the interest of researchers, entrepreneurs, and policymakers from various sectors worldwide. However, a consensus has yet to be reached regarding the specific characteristics of Industry 5.0. This paper defines Industry 5.0 from its philosophical and historical origin and evolution
    • The new thinking of Industry 5.0 on virtual-real duality and human-machine interaction is presented in this paper. Its new theory and technology, which are based on Parallel Intelligence (PI), Artificial Societies, Computational Experiments, and Parallel Execution (the ACP method), and Cyber-Physical-Social Systems (CPSS), are introduced
    • Some case studies and applications of Industry 5.0 over the last decade have been briefly summarized and analyzed, providing valuable insights and suggestions for its future development

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