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Volume 10 Issue 11
Nov.  2023

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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M. N. Zhai, Q. Y. Sun, R. Wang, and  H. G. Zhang,  “Containment-based multiple PCC voltage regulation strategy for communication link and sensor faults,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 2045–2055, Nov. 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123747
Citation: M. N. Zhai, Q. Y. Sun, R. Wang, and  H. G. Zhang,  “Containment-based multiple PCC voltage regulation strategy for communication link and sensor faults,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 2045–2055, Nov. 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123747

Containment-Based Multiple PCC Voltage Regulation Strategy for Communication Link and Sensor Faults

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123747
Funds:  This work was supported in part by the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFA0702200) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (62073065, U20A20190)
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  • The distributed AC microgrid (MG) voltage restoration problem has been extensively studied. Still, many existing secondary voltage control strategies neglect the co-regulation of the voltage at the point of common coupling (PCC) in the AC multi-MG system (MMS). When an MMS consists of sub-MGs connected in series, power flow between the sub-MGs is not possible if the PCC voltage regulation relies on traditional consensus control objectives. In addition, communication faults and sensor faults are inevitable in the MMS. Therefore, a resilient voltage regulation strategy based on containment control is proposed. First, the feedback linearization technique allows us to deal with the nonlinear distributed generation (DG) dynamics, where the PCC regulation problem of an AC MG is transformed into an output feedback tracking problem for a linear multi-agent system (MAS) containing nonlinear dynamics. This process is an indispensable pre-processing in control algorithm design. Moreover, considering the unavailability of full-state measurements and the potential faults present in the sensors, a novel follower observer is designed to handle communication faults. Based on this, a controller based on containment control is designed to achieve voltage regulation. In regulating multiple PCC voltages to a reasonable upper and lower limit, a voltage difference exists between sub-MGs to achieve power flow. In addition, the secondary control algorithm avoids using global information of directed communication network and fault boundaries for communication link and sensor faults. Finally, the simulation results verify the performance of the proposed strategy.

     

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    Highlights

    • Unlike the output voltage regulation problem for AC microgrids, this paper investigates the regulation of the voltage at the common coupling point in a multi-microgrid system. The feedback linearization technique is relied upon to transform the common coupling voltage regulation problem of AC microgrids into a distributed output feedback tracking problem of a linear multi-agent system with nonlinear dynamics
    • Unlike the traditional consensus-based voltage regulation problem, we introduce the control objective of containment control in this paper. The reason is that it is impossible to achieve power flow between sub-microgrids if multiple point of common coupling voltages are controlled collectively at the reference value. Therefore, a containment-based distributed controller is proposed to balance the conflicting objectives of voltage regulation and power flow. This controller makes the point of common coupling voltage control within a reasonable range while there is a voltage difference to achieve power flow
    • We designed a novel adaptive follower-based observer to handle communication and sensor faults, avoiding the use of global information of directed communication network and fault-related parameters

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