A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation
Volume 5 Issue 3
May  2018

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Article Contents
Danial Nakhaeinia, Pierre Payeur and Robert Laganière, "A Mode-Switching Motion Control System for Reactive Interaction and Surface Following Using Industrial Robots," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 670-682, Mar. 2018. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511069
Citation: Danial Nakhaeinia, Pierre Payeur and Robert Laganière, "A Mode-Switching Motion Control System for Reactive Interaction and Surface Following Using Industrial Robots," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 670-682, Mar. 2018. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511069

A Mode-Switching Motion Control System for Reactive Interaction and Surface Following Using Industrial Robots

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511069
Funds:  This work was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canadian Foundation for Innovation
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  • This work proposes a sensor-based control system for fully automated object detection and exploration (surface following) with a redundant industrial robot. The control system utilizes both offline and online trajectory planning for reactive interaction with objects of different shapes and color using RGBD vision and proximity/contact sensors feedback where no prior knowledge of the objects is available. The RGB-D sensor is used to collect raw 3D information of the environment. The data is then processed to segment an object of interest in the scene. In order to completely explore the object, a coverage path planning technique is proposed using a dynamic 3D occupancy grid method to generate a primary (offline) trajectory. However, RGB-D sensors are very sensitive to lighting and provide only limited accuracy on the depth measurements. Therefore, the coverage path planning is then further assisted by a real-time adaptive path planning using a fuzzy self-tuning proportional integral derivative (PID) controller. The latter allows the robot to dynamically update the 3D model by a specially designed instrumented compliant wrist and adapt to the surfaces it approaches or touches. A modeswitching scheme is also proposed to efficiently integrate and smoothly switch between the interaction modes under certain conditions. Experimental results using a CRS-F3 manipulator equipped with a custom-built compliant wrist demonstrate the feasibility and performance of the proposed method.

     

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