A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation
Volume 10 Issue 2
Feb.  2023

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Y. Rahman, A. Sharma, M. Jankovic, M. Santillo, and M. Hafner, “Driver intent prediction and collision avoidance with barrier functions,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 365–375, Feb. 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123210
Citation: Y. Rahman, A. Sharma, M. Jankovic, M. Santillo, and M. Hafner, “Driver intent prediction and collision avoidance with barrier functions,” IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 365–375, Feb. 2023. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123210

Driver Intent Prediction and Collision Avoidance With Barrier Functions

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2023.123210
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  • For autonomous vehicles and driver assist systems, path planning and collision avoidance algorithms benefit from accurate predictions of future location of other vehicles and intent of their drivers. In the literature, the algorithms that provide driver intent belong to two categories: those that use physics based models with some type of filtering, and machine learning based approaches. In this paper we employ barrier functions (BF) to decide driver intent. BFs are typically used to prove safety by establishing forward invariance of an admissible set. Here, we decide if the “target” vehicle is violating one or more possibly fictitious (i.e., non-physical) barrier constraints determined based on the context provided by the road geometry. The algorithm has a very small computational footprint and better false positive and negative rates than some of the alternatives. The predicted intent is then used by a control barrier function (CBF) based collision avoidance system to prevent unnecessary interventions, for either an autonomous or human-driven vehicle.

     

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    Highlights

    • Driver Intent Prediction
    • Control Barrier Functions
    • Collision Avoidance Systems for Autonomous Vehicles

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