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Volume 8 Issue 3
Mar.  2021

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Article Contents
Boda Ning, Qing-Long Han and Lei Ding, "Distributed Secondary Control of AC Microgrids With External Disturbances and Directed Communication Topologies: A Full-Order Sliding-Mode Approach," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 554-564, Mar. 2021. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003315
Citation: Boda Ning, Qing-Long Han and Lei Ding, "Distributed Secondary Control of AC Microgrids With External Disturbances and Directed Communication Topologies: A Full-Order Sliding-Mode Approach," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 554-564, Mar. 2021. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003315

Distributed Secondary Control of AC Microgrids With External Disturbances and Directed Communication Topologies: A Full-Order Sliding-Mode Approach

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003315
Funds:

the Australian Research Council Discovery Project DP160103567

the program of Jiangsu Specially-Appointed Professor RK043STP19001

the fund of high-level talents at NJUPT XK0430919039

the fund of scientific and technological innovation projects for overseas students in Nanjing RK043NLX19004

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  • This paper addresses the problem of distributed secondary control for islanded AC microgrids with external disturbances. By using a full-order sliding-mode (FOSM) approach, voltage regulation and frequency restoration are achieved in finite time. For voltage regulation, a distributed observer is proposed for each distributed generator (DG) to estimate a reference voltage level. Different from some conventional observers, the reference voltage level in this paper is accurately estimated under directed communication topologies. Based on the observer, a new nonlinear controller is designed in a backstepping manner such that an FOSM surface is reached in finite time. On the surface, the voltages of DGs are regulated to the reference level in finite time. For frequency restoration, a distributed controller is further proposed such that a constructed FOSM surface is reached in finite time, on which the frequencies of DGs are restored to a reference level in finite time under directed communication topologies. Finally, case studies on a modified IEEE 37-bus test system are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness, the robustness against load changes, and the plug-and-play capability of the proposed controllers.

     

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  • Recommended by Associate Editor Mengchu Zhou.
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