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Volume 8 Issue 6
Jun.  2021

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Article Contents
Jie Zhang, Yang Lu, Ke Shi and Chong Xu, "Empirical Research on the Application of a Structure-Based Software Reliability Model," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1153-1162, June 2021. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003309
Citation: Jie Zhang, Yang Lu, Ke Shi and Chong Xu, "Empirical Research on the Application of a Structure-Based Software Reliability Model," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1153-1162, June 2021. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003309

Empirical Research on the Application of a Structure-Based Software Reliability Model

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003309
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61572167), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0801804), and the Natural Science Foundation for Anhui Higher Education Institutions of China (KJ2019A0482)
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  • Reliability engineering implemented early in the development process has a significant impact on improving software quality. It can assist in the design of architecture and guide later testing, which is beyond the scope of traditional reliability analysis methods. Structural reliability models work for this, but most of them remain tested in only simulation case studies due to lack of actual data. Here we use software metrics for reliability modeling which are collected from source codes of post versions. Through the proposed strategy, redundant metric elements are filtered out and the rest are aggregated to represent the module reliability. We further propose a framework to automatically apply the module value and calculate overall reliability by introducing formal methods. The experimental results from an actual project show that reliability analysis at the design and development stage can be close to the validity of analysis at the test stage through reasonable application of metric data. The study also demonstrates that the proposed methods have good applicability.


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    • This paper reveals the relationship between software code metrics and software reliability from an empirical perspective, which makes it possible to introduce reliability engineering to ensure software quality at the early stage of software development without having to rely on the final test reports.
    • The strategy of classification, screening and aggregation of measurement data is proposed in order to calculate the module reliability value accordingly. The appropriate module granularity selection ensures the structural analysis of the target software. This provides a methodological exploration for the application of structure-based software reliability model in actual projects.
    • A framework for empirical research is presented. In this framework, the algebraic method is introduced to express the software structure accurately, and the overall software reliability calculation can be completed automatically. The reliability-related evaluation process established by the framework has important theoretical value and practical meaning for real-time quality monitoring accompanying software project development.


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