A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation
Volume 4 Issue 3
Jul.  2017

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

  • JCR Impact Factor: 11.8, Top 4% (SCI Q1)
    CiteScore: 17.6, Top 3% (Q1)
    Google Scholar h5-index: 77, TOP 5
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Wei Lin, Zongtao Lu and Wei Wei, "Asymptotic Tracking Control for Wind Turbines in Variable Speed Mode," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 569-576, July 2017. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2017.7510568
Citation: Wei Lin, Zongtao Lu and Wei Wei, "Asymptotic Tracking Control for Wind Turbines in Variable Speed Mode," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 569-576, July 2017. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2017.7510568

Asymptotic Tracking Control for Wind Turbines in Variable Speed Mode

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2017.7510568

the Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China 61533009

the 111 Project B08015

the Research Projects KQC201105300002A

the Research Projects JCY20130329152125731

the Research Projects JCYJ20150403161923519

More Information
  • This paper presents a variable speed control strategy for wind turbines in order to capture maximum wind power. Wind turbines are modeled as a two-mass drive-train system with generator torque control. Based on the obtained wind turbine model, variable speed control schemes are developed. Nonlinear tracking controllers are designed to achieve asymptotic tracking for a prescribed rotor speed reference signal so as to yield maximum wind power capture. Due to the difficulty of torsional angle measurement, an observer-based control scheme that uses only rotor speed information is further developed for global asymptotic output tracking. The effectiveness of the proposed control methods is illustrated by simulation results.


  • loading
  • [1]
    K. E. Johnson, L. Y. Pao, M. J. Balas, and L. J. Fingersh, "Control of variable-speed wind turbines: Standard and adaptive techniques for maximizing energy capture, " IEEE Control Syst. , vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 70-81, Jun. 2006. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=1636311
    U. S. Department of Energy. Energy efficiency and renewable energy, Technical Report. [Online]. Available: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy04osti/34915.pdf, Accessed on: Dec. , 2009.
    Y. D. Song, B. Dhinakaran, and X. Y. Bao, "Variable speed control of wind turbines using nonlinear and adaptive algorithms, " J. Wind Eng. Industr. Aerodyn. , vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 293-308, Apr. 2000. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167610599001312
    S. Sivrioglu, U. Ozbay, and E. Zergeroglu, "Variable speed control of wind turbines:a robust backstepping approach, " in Proc. 17th IFAC World Congr., Seoul, Korea, 2008, pp. 1183-1188. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267335504_Variable_Speed_Control_of_Wind_Turbines_A_Robust_Backstepping_Approach
    B. Boukhezzar and H. Siguerdidjane, "Nonlinear control of variable speed wind turbines without wind speed measurement, " in Proc. 44th IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, Seville, Spain, 2005, pp. 3456-3461. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=1582697
    B. Beltran, T. Ahmed-Ali, and M. El Hachemi Benbouzid, "Sliding mode power control of variable-speed wind energy conversion systems, " IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. , vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 551-558, Jun. 2008. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4270775/
    B. Boukhezzar and H. Siguerdidjane, "Nonlinear control of variable speed wind turbines for power regulation, " in Proc. 2005 IEEE Conf. Control Applications, Toronto, Canada, 2005, pp. 114-119. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=1507110
    L. Y. Pao and K. E. Johnson, "A tutorial on the dynamics and control of wind turbines and wind farms, " in Proc. 2009 American Control Conf., St. Louis, MO, USA, 2009, pp. 2076-2089. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1702657
    C. Wang and G. Weiss, "Stability analysis of the drive-train of a wind turbine with quadratic torque control, " Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control, vol. 19, no. 17, pp. 1886-1895, Nov. 2009. doi: 10.1002/rnc.1410/citedby
    S. C. Thomsen and N. K. Poulsen, "A disturbance decoupling nonlinear control law for variable speed wind turbines, " in Proc. Mediterr. Conf. Control Autom., Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 1-6. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=4433869
    K. H. Kim, T. L. Van, D. C. Lee, S. H. Song, and E. H. Kim, "Maximum output power tracking control in variable-speed wind turbine systems considering rotor inertial power, " IEEE Trans. Industr. Electron. , vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 3207-3217, Aug. 2013. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6241423/
    S. M. R. Kazmi, H. Goto, H. J. Guo, and O. Ichinokura, "A novel algorithm for fast and efficient speed-sensorless maximum power point tracking in wind energy conversion systems, " IEEE Trans. Industr. Electron. , vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 29-36, Jan. 2011. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5427015/
    S. K. Salman and A. L. J. Teo, "Windmill modeling consideration and factors influencing the stability of a grid-connected wind power-based embedded generator, " IEEE Trans. on Power Syst. , vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 793-802, May 2003. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=1198316
    A. Isidori, Nonlinear Control Systems. 3rd ed. London, UK:SpringerVerlag, 1995.
    T. Burton, D. Sharpe, N. Jenkins, and E. Bossanyi, Wind Energy Handbook. Chichester, England: Wiley, 2001.
    S. Heier, Grid Integration of Wind Energy Conversion Systems. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 1998.
    W. Lin and Q. Gong, "A remark on partial-state feedback stabilization of cascade systems using small gain theorem, " IEEE Trans. Automat. Control, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 497-499, Mar. 2003. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1440587/
    W. Lin and C. J. Qian, "Semi-global robust stabilization of MIMO nonlinear systems by partial state and dynamic output feedback, " Automatica, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1093-1101, Jul. 2001. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0005109801000565
    W. Lin and R. Pongvuthithum, "Global stabilization of cascade systems by C0 partial-state feedback, " IEEE Trans. Automat. Control, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1356-1362, Aug. 2002. http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1917450
    H. Lei and W. Lin, "Robust control of uncertain systems with polynomial nonlinearity by output feedback, " Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 692-723, Apr. 2009. doi: 10.1002/rnc.1349/full
    C. J. Qian and W. Lin, "Output feedback control of a class of nonlinear systems: a nonseparation principle Paradigm, " IEEE Trans. Automat. Control, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 1710-1715, Oct. 2002. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=1039808
    M. Garcia-Sanz and J. Elso, "Dynamic modeling of wind turbines, " A handout of Dept. of EECS, Case Western Reserve University, 2009.


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(7)  / Tables(1)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1176) PDF downloads(114) Cited by()


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint